Jatropha Oil

Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that is native to the American tropics, most likely Mexico and Central America.As with many members of the family Euphorbiaceae, Jatropha contains compounds that are highly toxic. Jatropha species have traditionally been used in basketmaking, tanning and dye production. In the 2000s, one species, Jatropha curcas, generated interest as an oil crop for biodiesel production.When jatropha seeds are crushed, the resulting jatropha oil can be processed to produce a high-quality biofuel or biodiesel that can be used in a standard diesel car or further processed into jet fuel, while the residue (press cake) can also be used as biomass feedstock to power electricity plants, used as fertilizer.atropha incentives in India. Jatropha incentives in India is a part of India’s goal to achieve energy independence by the year 2018. Jatropha oil is produced from the seeds of the Jatropha curcas, a plant that can grow in wastelands across India, and the oil is considered to be an excellent source of bio-diesel.It is also used as a house plant. The oil from Jatropha curcas is mainly converted into biodiesel for use in diesel engines. The cake resulting from oil extraction, a protein-rich product, can be used for fish or animal feed (if detoxified).Jatropha the evergreen shrub has the ability to grow till a height of about 15 feet in the wild. But in the cultivation it can grow to a height of about 10 feet. And it is 10 feet wide.Biodiesel is made through a chemical process called transesterification whereby the glycerin is separated from the fat or vegetable oil. The process leaves behind two products — methyl esters (the chemical name for biodiesel) and glycerin (a valuable byproduct usually sold to be used in soaps and other products).To create bioalcohol, such as ethanol, engineers use yeast and bacteria to break down the starch in corn and other plants. To create biodiesel, refineries use the oil already found in crops such as soybeans

Description

Biofuels generally fall into two categories, bioalcohol and biodiesel. The former, such as ethanol, is created by engineers from yeast and bacteria to break down starch from corn and other plants. Biodiesel, on the other hand, is created in refineries that use existing oil in crops such as soybeans.Vegetable oils are triglycerides extracted from plants. These oils have been part of human culture for millennia. Edible vegetable oils are used in food, both in cooking and as supplements. Many oils, edible and otherwise, are burned as fuel, such as in oil lamps and as a substitute for petroleum-based fuels.Jatropha curcas grows in tropical and subtropical regions. The plant can grow in wastelands and grows on almost any terrain, even on gravelly, sandy and saline soils.A large variety of plants that produce non-edible oils can be considered for biodiesel production. The non-edible oils, such as jatropha, microalgae, neem, karanja, rubber seed, mahua, silk cotton tree, etc., are easily available in developing countries and are very economical comparable to edible oils.

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